So.... if you didn't know, Chagall is probably one of my favorite artists. He was a 20th century Russian born, Jewish artist who worked mostly in France. His work is fairly distinct (he does have elements of cubism and fauvism) in his portrayal of simple village life peppered with elements of Jewish symbolism. When discussing him with friends who can't quite remember Chagall, I usually say something to the effect, " you know he has people riding chickens, cows flying, and donkeys playing the fiddle."
I and the Village, Chagall's best known work is an oil on canvas painted in 1911 (pictured below).